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Developing and Litigating Judicial Review Grounds

Speaker: Raphael Jesurum
Chambers: 36 Immigration

Familiar to all Law Friends members as the face of our monthly Immigration Law Update videos, Raphael Jesurum turns his attention to judicial review, offering his usual extremely detailed and authoritative insight on the subject, with the aim of providing a brief taxonomy of tools available to challenge bad decisions. In particular, the seminar looks at:

Lawful decisions, and classifying the grounds of judicial review
Foundation – powers, their purpose and interpretation
Hard-edged questions: vires, “precedent fact”, legal errors
Relevancy/irrelevancy
Duty of inquiry
Procedural fairness
Evidence
Practice tips

Selected relevant law

Nationality Immigration and Asylum Act 2002
British Nationality Act 1981)
Immigration & Asylum Act
Council of Civil Service Unions v Minister for the Civil Service [1985] AC 374 at 410GH per Lord Diplock.
Wheeler v Leicester City Council [1985] AC 1054, at 1078B-C per Roskill L
R v Panel on Take-overs and Mergers, ex p Guiness Plc [1990]
R (JP) v NHS Croydon Clinical Commissioning Group [2020] EWHC 1470 (Admin) per Mostyn J. at §9(iii)
Associated Provincial Picture Houses Ltd v Wednesbury Corporation [1948] 1 KB 223
R v Secretary of State for the Environment, ex p Nottinghamshire County Council [1986] AC 240
R v SSHD, ex p Daly [2001] UKHL 26 [2001] 2 AC 532
Padfield v Minister of Agriculture [1968] AC 997, per Reid L at 1030 B-D
R (AA (Nigeria)) v SSHD [2010] EWHC 2265 (Admin)
R (I) v SSHD [2003] INLR 196 at §46 per Dyson LJ
Anisminic v Foreign Compensation Commission [1969] 2 AC 147
R (Lumba) v SSHD [2011] UKSC 12 [2012] 1 AC 245 at §66 per Dyson LJ
TN (Vietnam) v SSHD [2021] UKSC 41, [2021] 1 WLR 4902
R (DN (Rwanda) v SSHD [2020] AC 698 at §60-§64 per Carnwath L, and c.f. Abidoye v SSHD [2020] EWCA Civ 1425
Senior Courts Act 1981, inserted by s.1 of the Judicial Review and Court Act 2022
R v Governor of Brockhill Prison, ex parte Evans (No. 2) [2001] 2 AC 19
R v SSHD, ex p Khawaja [1984]
R (Harrison) v SSHD [2003] EWCA Civ 432 [2003] INLR 284
R (Giri) v SSHD [2015] EWCA Civ 784 [2016] 1 WLR 4418 at §16-§20 per Richards LJ
R (Alconbury Developments Ltd) v Secretary of State for Environment [2003] 2 AC 295 at §50
R v Parliamentary Commissioner for Administration, ex p Balchin [1998] 1 PLR 1 at 15C
R (FDA) v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions [2012] EWCA Civ 332; [2013] 1 WLR 444 at §67 per Lord Neuberger MR
R (Khatun) v London Borough of Newham [2004] EWCA Civ 55 [2005] QB 57 at §35
R (YH) v SSHD [2010] EWCA Civ 116 at §24 per Carnwath LJ
Secretary of State for Education and Science v Tameside Metropolitan Borough Council [1977] AC 1014 at 1065B per Diplock L
R (Balajigari) v SSHD [2019] EWCA Civ 673 at §70
R (Plantaganet Alliance) v Secretary of State for Justice [2014] EWHC 1662 (QB) at §99-§100
R (Citizens UK) v SSHD [2018] EWCA Civ 1812 [2018] 1 WLR 4647 at §46
R (Gallagher Group) v Competition and Markets Authority [2018] UKSC 25 [2019] AC 96 at §31 per Sumption L
R v Secretary of State for the Environment, ex p Powis [1981] 1 WLR 584 at 595G per Dunn LJ:
R (Limbuela) v SSHD [2004] EWCA Civ 540 [2004] QB 1440 at §113

Raphael practises in asylum, immigration and nationality law. He appears regularly in the Upper Tribunal, the Administrative Court and the Court of Appeal.

Raphael’s main interest is strategic litigation: working in partnership with solicitors to identify new legal points, training caseworkers to spot them, and advising early in order to test the issues on appeal. The aim is to build cases with overwhelmingly strong evidence, and develop arguments to test and change the law.

An example is the successful campaign to secure settlement rights for the children of Gurkha veterans. Before coming to the bar, Raphael was a successful broadcaster and foreign correspondent, working for the BBC and other international news outlets. He reported on the genocide in Rwanda in 1994, the Albanian uprising in 1997 and separatist violence in Macedonia.